Risk factors of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS)
Anyone can develop obstructive sleep apnea. However, certain factors put you at increased risk, including:
- Excess weight. Around half the people with obstructive sleep apnea are overweight. Fat deposits around the upper airway may obstruct breathing.
- However, not everyone with obstructive sleep apnea is overweight and vice versa. Thin people can develop the disorder, too.
- Narrowed airway. You may inherit naturally narrow airways. Or, your tonsils or adenoids may become enlarged, which can block your airway.
- High blood pressure (hypertension). Obstructive sleep apnea is relatively common in people with hypertension.
- Chronic nasal congestion. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs twice as often in those who have consistent nasal congestion at night, regardless of the cause. This may be due to narrowed airways.
- Smoking. People who smoke are more likely to have obstructive sleep apnea.
- Diabetes. Obstructive sleep apnea may be more common in people with diabetes.
- Gender. In general, men are twice as likely as women to have obstructive sleep apnea.
- A family history of sleep apnea. If you have family members with obstructive sleep apnea, you may be at increased risk.
- Asthma. Recent research has found an association between asthma and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
Did you know?
- Mild OSAS causes increased cortisol levels, and effects the eating related hormones Leptin and Ghrehlin contributing to weight gain
- Mild OSAS contributes stress hormones and diabetes